Acute and chronic eggshell temperature manipulations during hatching term influence hatchability, broiler performance, and ascites incidence


Sozcu A. , Ipek A.

POULTRY SCIENCE, cilt.94, ss.319-327, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 94 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.3382/ps/peu080
  • Dergi Adı: POULTRY SCIENCE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.319-327

Özet

The aim of the current study was to determine how a control temperature and acute and chronic high eggshell temperatures during the last three days of incubation, can affect hatchability, chick quality, and organ development on day of hatch as well as broiler performance and ascites incidence in later life. The eggshell temperature manipulations were applied during hatching term (days 19 to 21) as follows: control EST (37.3 to 38.0 degrees C), acute high eggshell temperature manipulations (38.4- to 39.0 degrees C for three hours daily) and chronic high eggshell temperature manipulations (38.4 to 39.0 degrees C). The lowest hatchability and the highest cull chick rate were in the chronic high eggshell temperature manipulations group. Lower chick quality parameters correlated with lower chick weights and heavier residual yolk sac weights that were in the chronic high eggshell temperature manipulations group depending on hatch time. The live weights on the 1st day of the growing period were higher in the control and acute high eggshell temperature manipulations groups than the chronic high eggshell temperature manipulations group. At 6 wk of age, live weights of broilers were the highest in the control than in the acute and chronic high eggshell temperature manipulations groups. The total mortality was 2.5, 9.2, and 13.3%, the mortality due to ascites was 2.1, 8.3, and 12.9% in the control, acute, and chronic high eggshell temperature manipulations groups, respectively. The right ventricular/total ventricular ratios for the control, acute and chronic high eggshell temperature manipulations groups were 0.22, 0.28, and 0.30%, respectively. In conclusion, short-term and long-term higher temperatures during the hatching term affect embryo development, incubation results, broiler performance, and ascites incidence. Although the acute high eggshell temperature manipulations did not affect the chick quality parameters at hatch, it negatively affected incubation results and broiler performance, especially mortality due to ascites.