Laser-induced novel patterns: As smart strain actuators for new-age dental implant surfaces

ÇELEN S. , Ozden H.

APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, vol.263, pp.579-585, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 263
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2012.09.112
  • Title of Journal : APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.579-585


Surface morphologies of titanium implants are of crucial importance for long-term mechanical adaptation for following implantation. One major problem is the stress shielding effect which originates from the mismatch of the bone and the implant elasticity. It is time for a paradigm shift and for an exploration of novel smart surfaces to prevent this problem. Several surface treatment methods have traditionally been used to modify the surface morphology of titanium dental implants. The laser micro-machining can be considered as a unique and promising, non-contact, no media, contamination free, and flexible treatment method for modifying surface properties of materials in the biomedical industry. The aim of the present study is two folds; to develop novel 3D smart surfaces which can be acted as strain actuators by nanosecond laser pulse energies and irradiation strategies. And analyze these smart surface morphologies using finite element methods in order to estimate their internal stiffness values which play a great role on stress shielding effect. Novel 3D smart strain actuators were prepared using an ytterbium fiber laser (lambda = 1060 nm) with 200-250 ns pulse durations on commercial pure titanium dental implant material specimen surfaces and optimum operation parameters were suggested. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.