Small biomolecule dopant retinals: Electron blocking layer in P3HT:PCBM type organic solar cells

Kirmaci E., Dincalp H., Saltan G. M. , KİRAN M., ZAFER C.

SYNTHETIC METALS, cilt.236, ss.8-18, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier


We present a comparative study of the photophysics and electron/hole properties of all-trans retinal-benzimidazole type molecules decorated with different electronic moieties (such as -OCH3, -N(CH3)(2), -F, -CF3) in organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices in solution end on solid thin films. Steady-state spectra of synthesized dyes give large Stokes shifts (6887-13152 cm(-1)) in studied solvents. Decay times of these dyes were found to be substituent dependent giving a bi-exponential decay for fluorine containing retinals. Trans to cis photo-isomerization rate constants of synthesized dyes were found to be about 3.3-16.4 x 10(-6) s(-1). Using a cyclic voltammetry measurements, HOMO and LUMO energy levels of fluorine-substituted dyes shift to lower values as compared to that of unfluorinated derivatives. We compared unusual electron blocking behavior of methoxy- and N,N-dimethylamino-substituted derivatives (Ret-I and Ret-II, respectively) in bulk heterojunction solar cells (BHJ-SCs) incorporating an active layer of P3HT:PCBM doped with Ret derivatives at various weight ratios. Hole mobility values for fluorine containing retinals were found to be about 1.0 x 10(-4) and 7.1 x 10(-4) cm(2)/V s for Retail and Ret-IV dyes, respectively.