Box-Behnken design for removal of uranium(VI) from aqueous solution using poly(ethylene glycol) based dicationic ionic liquid impregnated chitosan


İNAN S. , Mumcu T., Seyhan Bozkurt S.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, cilt.44, ss.756-774, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 44 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.3906/kim-1911-73
  • Dergi Adı: TURKISH JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.756-774

Özet

Poly(ethylene glycol) bis(methylimidazolium) di[bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide] was synthesized as an ionic liquid and impregnated onto chitosan. The removal of uranium(VI) ions from aqueous solution was investigated with batch sorption tests using ionic liquid impregnated chitosan. Response surface methodology based on 3 level BoxBehnken design was applied to analyze the effect of initial pH (4-6), initial concentration (20-60 mg L-1), contact time (15-105 min), and temperature (30-50 degrees C) on the uptake capacity of uranium(VI). Main effect of initial concentration, quadratic effect of contact time, and dual effect of initial pH and contact time were found statistically significant based on analysis of variance (ANOVA). Probability F-value (F = 1.49 x10(-6)) and correlation coefficient (R-2 = 0.96) point out that the proposed model is compatible with experimental data. The maximum uptake capacity of uranium(VI) was found as 28.48 mg g(-1) at initial pH 4, initial concentration 60 mg L-1, contact time of 70 min, and a temperature of 50 degrees C. Sorption kinetics followed a pseudo-second-order model and Freundlich model was obtained to fit the sorption data. The presence of competing ions slightly reduced uranium(VI) sorption and the selectivity order can be given as UO22+ >Zn2+ >Ni2+.