Objectives Among the nodule types, the most controversial group are indeterminate solid nodules from 1 to 2 cm in size with the first choice being transthoracic needle biopsy (TTNB) or positron emission tomography (PET-CT) or both methods together. However, no single diagnostic algorithm could be applied to all cases. This research discusses the diagnostic success of PET-CT and TTNB. Materials and Methods 407 Patients who referred to our hospital for any reason, with solid nodules with the size from 1 to 2 cmincidentally identified on the thoracic CT tests were investigated. Among the patients who underwent biopsy, 312 cases had PET-CT, and maximum SUV (SUVmax) values of the nodules were examined. Values of >= 2.5 were accepted as hypermetabolic. Results The mean age of the patients was 61 +/- 10.8 years. 84 patients were female (20.6%) and 323 were male (79.4%). For TTNB; sensitivity, specificity and accuracy rates of all cases, who were correctly diagnosed, were 76.9%, 83.3% and 78.9%, respectively (P < .001). The 2.5 SUVmax cutoff value had sensitivity of 91%, specificity of 35.6%, accuracy of 75% (P = .034). The cutoff value of 49 years of age, nodule size of 16.4 mm, gender and 2.5 SUVmax value had high accuracy for benign-malignant differentiation. No statistically significant difference was found in the upper lobe localization of nodule. Conclusion A positive result from TTNB is a reliable finding; however, a negative result is not definitive. The high negative predictive value of PET-CT is effective in preventing the unnecessary biopsies and surgical procedures.