Improved performance of gilthead sea bream, Sparus aurata, larvae after ozone disinfection of the eggs


Ben-Atia I., Lutzky S., Barr Y., Gamsiz K. , Shtupler Y., Tandler A., ...Daha Fazla

AQUACULTURE RESEARCH, cilt.38, ss.166-173, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

Özet

Ozone (O-3) dissolved in seawater (ODS) was evaluated, as an egg disinfectant, on the spawn of captive gilthead sea bream, Sparus aurata, brood stock. Four contact times (CT) were tested (0.6, 1.2, 2.4 and 4.8 mg min L-1) where CT was calculated by multiplying the dissolved O-3 concentration (0.3 mg L-1) by different exposure periods (2, 4, 8, 16 min). There was also a disinfected seawater treatment that contained no O-3 or derived compounds (CT 0) and an untreated seawater control. All ODS treatments reduced egg surface bacterial counts to zero, which was significantly (P < 0.05) lower than the CT 0 and the control groups (194 and 1320 plate(-1) respectively). Nevertheless, the hatching rate was high in the control and the CT treatments 0, 0.6 and 1.2 (88.7%, 87.3%, 89.5% and 83.7% respectively) while eggs exposed to a CT 2.4 and 4.8 hatched poorly (36.5% and 20.4% respectively), which was likely due, at least in part, to larvae unable to break the egg chorion successfully. Swim-bladder inflation was significantly higher in the ODS groups (> 97%) compared with the control and CT 0 treatments (ca. 70%). The results suggest that a 2-min exposure of eggs to 0.3 mg O-3 L-1 of ODS (CT 0.6) would improve current protocols in marine larviculture.